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Introduction: philosophy of science in practice

Course Description What is our role in the universe as human agents capable of knowledge? What makes us intelligent cognitive agents seemingly endowed with consciousness? This is the second part of the course 'Philosophy and the Sciences', dedicated to Philosophy of the Cognitive Sciences. Scientific research across the cognitive sciences has raised pressing questions for philosophers. The goal of this course is to introduce you to some of the main areas and topics at the key juncture between philosophy and the cognitive sciences. Each week we will introduce you to some of these important questions at the forefront of scientific research.

We will explain the science behind each topic in a simple, non-technical way, while also addressing the philosophical and conceptual questions arising from it. Learning objectives Gain a fairly well-rounded view on selected areas and topics at the intersection of philosophy and the sciences Understand some key questions, and conceptual problems arising in the cognitive sciences. Develop critical skills to evaluate and assess these problems. Suggested Readings To accompany 'Philosophy and the Sciences', we are pleased to announce a tie-in book from Routledge entitled 'Philosophy and the Sciences for Everyone'.

This course companion to the 'Philosophy and the Sciences' course was written by the Edinburgh Philosophy and the Sciences team expressly with the needs of MOOC students in mind.

Please note, this companion book is optional - all the resources needed to complete the course are available freely and listed on the course site. This course is the second part of the joint course 'Philosophy and the Sciences'. If you want to go to the first part of the course, 'Philosophy and the Physical Sciences' follow the link below. Scientists agree that our brains are a product of natural selection. How did human brains and human cognitive structures evolve? Why do creatures with brains like ours have consciousness? What makes certain bits of our mental life conscious and others not?

Theory and Reality

How does one make a clever adaptive machine that can recognise speech, control an aircraft, and detect credit card fraud? Embodied cognition is all about the huge difference that having an active body and being situated in a structured environment make to the kind of tasks that the brain has to perform in order to support adaptive success. I have enjoyed the course, specially the detailed way of explained all the topics by the instructors. Also, I went through some of the bibliography sources provided which is a lot. Thank You all. Fantastic teachers, very informative and useful.

Highly recommended to those who are interested in pursuing cognitive sciences and learning about consciousness.

The Best Philosophy of Science Books | Five Books Recommendations

Peer review assignments can only be submitted and reviewed once your session has begun. If you choose to explore the course without purchasing, you may not be able to access certain assignments. When you purchase a Certificate you get access to all course materials, including graded assignments. Upon completing the course, your electronic Certificate will be added to your Accomplishments page - from there, you can print your Certificate or add it to your LinkedIn profile.

If you only want to read and view the course content, you can audit the course for free. More questions? Visit the Learner Help Center.

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Browse Chevron Right. Arts and Humanities Chevron Right. Offered By. The University of Edinburgh. About this Course 17, recent views. Flexible deadlines. Flexible deadlines Reset deadlines in accordance to your schedule. Hours to complete. Available languages. English Subtitles: English, Korean, French. Chevron Left. Again and again, promising proposals were either so lax that they allowed the cloudiest pronouncements of traditional metaphysics to count as meaningful, or so restrictive that they excluded the most cherished hypotheses of the sciences see verifiability principle.

Faced with these discouraging results, logical positivism evolved into a more moderate movement, logical empiricism.

Many historians of philosophy treat this movement as a late version of logical positivism and accordingly do not refer to it by any distinct name. Logical empiricists took as central the task of understanding the distinctive virtues of the natural sciences. In effect, they proposed that the search for a theory of scientific method — undertaken by Aristotle, Bacon, Descartes, and others—could be carried out more thoroughly with the tools of mathematical logic.

Not only did they see a theory of scientific method as central to philosophy, but they also viewed that theory as valuable for aspiring areas of inquiry in which an explicit understanding of method might resolve debates and clear away confusions. Their agenda was deeply influential in subsequent philosophy of science.

Philosophy of science.

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Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Philip S. See Article History. From natural philosophy to theories of method Philosophy and natural science The history of philosophy is intertwined with the history of the natural sciences. Start Your Free Trial Today.