PDF The Art of Solution Focused Therapy

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Introducing Solution Focused Therapy in Nepal – Solution Ways

How do you do that? The initial summary "I can see that things have been really difficult for you" is for them true and validates their story. The second part "you manage to get up each morning etc. Undeniably, they cope and coping questions start to gently and supportively challenge the problem-focused narrative. A central idea of the solution focused approach is that people get stuck with their problems because they see them as unsolvable. Solution focused workers help people to find ways of viewing their situation which make change more likely to happen and in which solutions can be constructed.

Solution Focused Brief Therapy is one of a family of approaches, known as a systems therapies, that have been developed over the past 50 years or so, first in the USA, and eventually evolving around the world, including Europe. All these names are important, not just as pioneers of a new way of doing therapy but also because their various collaborations and writings represent nothing short of a revolution in the way we think about social functioning and mental health and well being.

Solution Focused approaches are now in constant demand. Their efficacy is well established and supported by a solid and ever increasing body of research.


Solution-focused thinking has earned its place and is widely accepted in the fields of therapy, social care, education and business. Sign In Don't have an account?

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Contents [ show ]. Categories :. Cancel Save. This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia view authors. You can quickly attain small successes that lead to more hope, more confidence about the future, and a desire to quickly achieve even more. By: Matt Brown. As with most therapies, the relationship between the therapist and the client is is seen as being of key importance. Qualities like empathic listening, genuine regard, and warmth are ingredients a therapist should bring to each session.

We are all more than just the problems we talk about, and by being seen holistically, as a balance of positives and negatives, we are more likely to feel valued and focused on change.


Model Description. Solution Focused Brief Therapy

This phrase describes the way in which clients resist their therapist, such as by not talking. They must realize that perhaps you are having difficulty in articulating your needs or feelings, or that you have learned your behaviour from previous negative experiences. By getting you to focus on more positives times in your life, your hidden strengths and coping resources may then begin to emerge and can be used to successfully target your specific problems. By focusing on the future and the goals a client would like to achieve the therapist can create an appetite for change and break the idea that things must always stay the same.

For example, with depression it can often feel as though things will never change and hopelessness can ensue.

What to Expect

Visualising a future without the problem can be a powerful motivator. Of course goals must be within a SMART framework Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Timely so that they continues to promote success rather than instigate feelings of failure. These are all techniques your SFBT therapist might use to instigate positive change. Miracle Questions: These questions are a technique for getting individuals to visualise a very near future without the problem they are facing, helping them see that change is possible.

An example of a miracle question would be:. Something happens instead of the problem and this alternate happening is often spontaneous and without conscious intent. Examples of exception questions are:. Coping Questions: These questions are powerful reminders that we all keep going in spite of the adversity we face. Even in the midst of despair or a crisis, many of us manage to achieve the basic activities of living such as getting dressed, eating, going to work, taking care of children etc.

These questions help to highlight the resources you have to address a problem and can be a powerful and uplifting tool. Examples of coping questions are:. Scaling Questions: These questions can be used in helping a client to assess their own situations, track their own progress, or evaluate how others might rate them on a scale of 0 to They can be used in relation to a number of issues and can help you track your progress.

Time-Out : A SFBT therapist traditionally takes a brief break during the second half of each therapy session during which they reflect on what has occurred in the session. This is usually an idea for a practical experiment which can help you in achieving your identified goal. Accolades: Compliments are another key aspect of Brief Therapy.

Validating what clients are already doing well, and acknowledging how difficult their problems are, encourages change while giving you the message that your therapist has been listening i. A husband and wife partnership, De Shazer and Berg were interested in how problems in communication could be resolved effectively but also briefly during therapy. By spending hundred of hours observing therapy sessions they began to accumulate the successive behaviours, questions and emotions of therapists into a framework for therapy.

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  5. Out of this work came the key underlying principle of SFBT — to focus on solution building rather than problem resolution. From these early beginnings, Solutions Focused Brief Therapy has become one of the leading schools of short-term therapy, and its application can be felt across a range of fields including business, child welfare, education and criminal justice services. SFBT has branched out into a number of different areas and fields. Most notably, the field of Addiction Counselling has taken up SFBT as one of the most cost-effective means to treat problem drinking.

    Berg, I. New York: W. Friedman Ed.

    Theories of Counseling - Solution-Focused Brief Therapy